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This is a complete list of all environment variables that affect CVS.
A whitespace-separated list of file name patterns that CVS should ignore. See section Ignoring files via cvsignore.
A whitespace-separated list of file name patterns that CVS should treat as wrappers. See section The cvswrappers file.
If this is set,
try hard to make the files in your working directory
read-only. When this is not set, the default behavior
is to permit modification of your working files.
Controls permissions of files in the repository. See File permissions.
Should contain the full pathname to the root of the CVS
source repository (where the RCS files are
kept). This information must be available to CVS for
most commands to execute; if
$CVSROOT is not set,
or if you wish to override it for one invocation, you
can supply it on the command line: `cvs -d cvsroot
cvs_command…' Once you have checked out a working
directory, CVS stores the appropriate root (in
the file `CVS/Root'), so normally you only need to
worry about this when initially checking out a working
Specifies the program to use for recording log messages
$EDITOR, which overrides
See Committing your changes for more or
Global options for alternative ways of specifying a
$RCSBIN is not set, and no path is compiled
into CVS, it will use
$PATH to try to find all
programs it uses.
Used to locate the directory where the `.cvsrc'
file, and other such files, are searched. On Unix, CVS
just checks for
HOME. On Windows NT, the system will
HOMEDRIVE, for example to `d:' and
for example to `\joe'. On Windows 95, you'll
probably need to set
Specifies the external program which CVS connects with,
:ext: access method is specified.
see section Connecting with rsh.
Used in client-server mode when accessing a remote
repository using RSH. It specifies the name of
the program to start on the server side (and any
necessary arguments) when accessing a remote repository
:server: access methods.
The default value for
the default value for
:fork: is the name used to run the client.
see section Connecting with rsh
Used in client-server mode when accessing the
login server. Default value is `$HOME/.cvspass'.
see section Using the client with password authentication
Used in client-server mode to set the port to use when accessing the server via Kerberos, GSSAPI, or CVS's password authentication protocol if the port is not specified in the CVSROOT. see section Remote repositories
Used in client-server mode. If set, specifies the port number to be used when accessing the RCMD demon on the server side. (Currently not used for Unix clients).
Used for debugging only in client-server
mode. If set, everything sent to the server is logged
$CVS_CLIENT_LOG.in' and everything
sent from the server is logged into
Used only for debugging the server side in client-server mode. If set, delays the start of the server child process the specified amount of seconds so that you can attach to it with a debugger.
For CVS 1.10 and older, setting this variable
prevents CVS from overwriting the `CVS/Root'
file when the `-d' global option is specified.
Later versions of CVS do not rewrite
CVS_IGNORE_REMOTE_ROOT has no
Used under OS/2 only. It specifies the name of the command interpreter and defaults to CMD.EXE.
Directory in which temporary files are located.
The CVS server uses
TMPDIR. See section Global options, for a
description of how to specify this.
Some parts of CVS will always use `/tmp' (via
tmpnam function provided by the system).
On Windows NT,
TMP is used (via the
function provided by the system).
patch program which is used by the CVS
TMPDIR, and if it is not set, uses
`/tmp' (at least with GNU patch 2.1). Note that
if your server and client are both running CVS
1.9.10 or later, CVS will not invoke an external
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